Addiction Medicine Update
Efforts to create electronic cigarettes date from the 1930s. The first commercially successful devices were produced in China in 2003. Electronic cigarettes were introduced to Europe in 2006 and America in 2007. In the United States, regulation of these and similar products became much more stringent in 2016. The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act became law June 22, 2009, and gave the U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulatory authority over the manufacture, distribution, and marketing of tobacco products. The FDA has deemed electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) to be tobacco products and issued regulations that affect not only electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) but also other devices that produce an inhalable cloud containing atomized nicotine. Initial stipulations took effect August 8, 2016. Additional requirements are scheduled for 2018. Some ENDS resemble conventional means for smoking tobacco, such as e-cigarettes, e-cigars, electronic pipes, and electronic waterpipes. There are also hand-held......
- Unnecessary Debate: Is Addiction a Disease?
- There’s No Such Thing as a Disease
- From Bar to Bars: Links between Alcohol and Crime
- Alcoholics Anonymous and The Atlantic: A Call For Better Science
- Alcoholics Anonymous: Science vs. Sensationalism
- Best Ways to Chill Out
- Curbing Addiction Is Everybody’s Business
- The Way of Recovery is Not Alone - Part 2: Spirituality
- The Way of Recovery is Not Alone - Part 1: Science
- Intervening on Alcohol? Style Matters!
- Medications for Alcohol Addiction are Underutilized
- Hope Caution – for Happy Holidays
- Marijuana – Medicine by Legislation
- Balance Is Everything:
- Watch Your Language!
- Preventing Alcohol Problems
- Ask for Help!
- Combining Social/Governmental and Medical Models: the Case of Disulfiram
- Models of Alcoholism: Medical / Physiological Causes
- Childhood Matters — Very Much